Topic 109 - Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations

This topic includes FAQs relating to the following IFRS standards, IFRIC Interpretations and SIC Interpretations:

IFRS 5 Non‑current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations

IFRIC 17 Distributions of Non‑cash Assets to Owners

 

Other resources

  • IFRS At a Glance by standard is available here

 

Sub-topic within this main topic are set out below, with links to IFRS Interpretation Committee agenda decisions and BDO IFRS FAQs relating to that sub-topic below each sub-topic:

Sub-topic Number Sub-topic and Related FAQ
109.1 Scope and definitions
109.2 Classification of non‑current assets (or disposal groups) as held for sale or as held for distribution to owners
  • 109.2.1.1
109.3 Non‑current assets that are to be abandoned
109.4 Measurement of non‑current assets (or disposal groups) classified as held for sale
109.5 Recognition of impairment losses and reversals
  • 109.5.1.1
109.6 Changes to a plan of sale or to a plan of distribution to owners
109.7 Presentation and disclosure
  • 109.7.1.1
109.8 Other issues
  • 109.8.1.1
 

FAQ#

Title

Text of FAQ

109.2.1.1

IFRIC Agenda Decision - Classification in conjunction with a planned IPO, but where the prospectus has not been approved by the securities regulator

September 2013 - The Interpretations Committee received a request to clarify the application of the guidance in IFRS 5 regarding the classification of a non-current asset (or disposal group) as held for sale, in the case of a disposal plan that is intended to be achieved by means of an initial public offering (IPO), but where the prospectus (ie the legal document with an initial offer) has not yet been approved by the securities regulator.

The submitter asked the Interpretations Committee to clarify whether the disposal group would qualify as held for sale before the prospectus is approved by the securities regulator, assuming that all of the other criteria in IFRS 5 have been fulfilled.

The Interpretations Committee noted that paragraph 7 of IFRS 5 requires that the asset (or disposal group) must be available for immediate sale in its present condition, subject only to terms that are usual and customary for sales of such assets (or disposal groups) and its sale must be highly probable.

The Interpretations Committee also noted that an entity should apply the guidance in paragraphs 8⁠–⁠9 of IFRS 5 to assess whether the sale of a disposal group by means of an IPO is highly probable. Terms that are "usual and customary" is a matter of judgement based on the facts and circumstance of each sale.

The Interpretations Committee observed that the following criteria in paragraph 8 of IFRS 5 represent events that must have occurred:

a.

the appropriate level of management must be committed to a plan to sell the asset (or disposal group);

b.

an active programme to locate a buyer and complete the plan must have been initiated; and

c.

the asset (or disposal group) must be actively marketed for sale at a price that is reasonable in relation to its current fair value.

The Interpretations Committee noted that the following criteria would be assessed based on expectations of the future, and their probability of occurrence would be included in the assessment of whether a sale is highly probable:

a.

the sale should be expected to qualify for recognition as a completed sale within one year from the date of classification (except as permitted by paragraph 9);

b.

actions required to complete the plan should indicate that it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan will be made or that the plan will be withdrawn; and

c.

the probability of shareholders' approval (if required in the jurisdiction) should be considered as part of the assessment of whether the sale is highly probable.

On the basis of the analysis above, the Interpretations Committee determined that, in the light of the existing IFRS requirements, sufficient guidance exists and that neither an Interpretation nor an amendment to a Standard was necessary. The Interpretations Committee consequently decided not to add this issue to its agenda.

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109.5.1.1

IFRIC Agenda Decision - To what extent can an impairment loss be allocated to non-current assets within a disposal group?

January 2016 - The Interpretations Committee received a request to clarify a measurement requirement of IFRS 5 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations. Specifically, the question was whether the allocation of an impairment loss recognised for a disposal group can reduce the carrying amount of non-current assets that are within the scope of the measurement requirements of IFRS 5 to an amount that is lower than their fair value less costs of disposal or their value in use. In analysing this issue, the Interpretations Committee considered a situation in which the carrying amount of such non-current assets is not less than the amount of the impairment loss, and did not consider the implications for allocating an impairment loss if that loss exceeds the carrying amount of such non-current assets.

 

The Interpretations Committee noted that paragraph 23 of IFRS 5 addresses the recognition of impairment losses for a disposal group. It also noted that in determining the order of allocation of impairment losses to non-current assets that are within the scope of the measurement requirements of that Standard, paragraph 23 refers to paragraphs 104 and 122 of IAS 36 Impairment of Assets, which set out requirements regarding the order of allocation of impairment losses. However, it does not refer to paragraph 105 of IAS 36, which restricts the impairment losses allocated to individual assets by requiring that an asset is not written down to less than the higher of its fair value less costs of disposal, its value in use and zero. Consequently, the Interpretations Committee observed that the restriction in paragraph 105 of IAS 36 does not apply when allocating an impairment loss for a disposal group to the non-current assets that are within the scope of the measurement requirements of IFRS 5. The Interpretations Committee understood this to mean that the amount of impairment that should be recognised for a disposal group would not be restricted by the fair value less costs of disposal or value in use of those non-current assets that are within the scope of the measurement requirements of IFRS 5.

 

In the light of existing IFRS requirements, the Interpretations Committee determined that neither an Interpretation nor an amendment to a Standard was necessary. Consequently, the Interpretations Committee decided not to add this issue to its agenda.

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109.7.1.1

IFRIC Agenda Decision - How to present intragroup transactions between continuing and discontinued operations

January 2016 - The Interpretations Committee received a request to clarify how to present intragroup transactions between continuing and discontinued operations.

The submitter points out that paragraph 30 of IFRS 5 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations requires an entity to present and disclose information that enables users of the financial statements to evaluate the financial effects of discontinued operations and disposals of non-current assets (or disposal groups). However, IFRS 5 does not provide specific requirements on how to eliminate intragroup transactions between continuing and discontinued operations.

 

The Interpretations Committee noted that neither IFRS 5 nor IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements includes requirements regarding the presentation of discontinued operations that override the consolidation requirements in IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements. The Interpretations Committee also noted that paragraph B86(c) of IFRS 10 requires elimination of, among other things, income and expenses relating to intragroup transactions, and not merely intragroup profit. Consequently, the Interpretations Committee observed that not eliminating intragroup transactions would be inconsistent with the elimination requirements of IFRS 10.

 

The Interpretations Committee also noted that paragraph 30 of IFRS 5 requires an entity to present and disclose information that enables users of the financial statements to evaluate the financial effects of discontinued operations and disposal activity. In the light of this objective, the Interpretations Committee observed that, depending on the particular facts and circumstances, an entity may have to provide additional disclosures in order to enable users to evaluate the financial effects of discontinued operations.

The Interpretations Committee noted that IFRS 5 was described as a possible research project in the Request for Views on the 2015 Agenda Consultation published by the IASB in August 2015. In the light of this, the Interpretations Committee thought that the issue of how an entity should disaggregate consolidated results between continuing and discontinued operations in a way that reflects elimination of intragroup transactions would be better considered as part of such a project.

 

Consequently, the Interpretations Committee decided not to add this issue to its agenda.

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109.8.1.1

IFRIC Agenda Decision - Other various IFRS 5-related issues

January 2016 - The Interpretations Committee has received and discussed a number of issues relating to the application of IFRS 5 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations requirements at several meetings. Those issues relate to various aspects of IFRS 5 and include the following:

 

Scope

a.

the scope of the held-for-sale classification—paragraph 6 of IFRS 5 requires a non-current asset (or disposal group) to be classified as held for sale if its carrying amount will be recovered principally through a sale transaction rather than through continuing use. The issue relates to whether particular types of planned loss of control events, besides loss of control through sale or distribution, can result in a held-for-sale classification, such as loss of control of a subsidiary due to dilution of the shares held by the entity, call options held by a non-controlling shareholder or a modification of a shareholders’ agreement.

b.

accounting for a disposal group consisting mainly of financial instruments—paragraph 5 of IFRS 5 states that the measurement requirements of IFRS 5 do not apply to financial assets within the scope of IFRS 9 Financial Instruments. The issue relates to whether IFRS 5 applies to a disposal group that consists mainly, or entirely, of financial instruments.

 

Measurement

c.

impairment of a disposal group—paragraph 15 of IFRS 5 requires a disposal group to be measured at the lower of its carrying amount and its fair value less costs to sell, whereas paragraph 23 requires the impairment loss recognised for a disposal group to be allocated to the carrying amount of the non-current assets that are within the scope of the measurement requirements of IFRS 5. The issue relates to a situation in which the difference between the carrying amount and the fair value less costs to sell of a disposal group exceeds the carrying amount of non-current assets in the disposal group. Should the amount of the impairment loss recognised be limited to the carrying amount of:

i.

non-current assets that are within the scope of the measurement requirements of IFRS 5;

ii.

the net assets of a disposal group;

iii.

the total assets of a disposal group; or

iv.

the non-current assets and in this case the entity would recognise a liability for any excess?

d.

reversal of an impairment loss relating to goodwill in a disposal group—paragraph 22 of IFRS 5 requires the recognition of a gain for a subsequent increase in the fair value less costs to sell of a disposal group. The issue relates to a situation in which goodwill within the disposal group had previously been impaired. Specifically, the question relates to whether an impairment loss previously allocated to goodwill can be reversed.

Presentation

e.

how to apply the definition of ‘major line of business’ in presenting discontinued operations—in accordance with paragraph 32 of IFRS 5, a component of an entity that has been disposed of, or is classified as held for sale, and represents a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations is a discontinued operation. The issue relates to how to interpret the definition of ‘discontinued operation’, especially with regard to the notion of ‘separate major line of business or geographical area of operations’ as described in paragraph 32 of IFRS 5.

f.

how to apply the presentation requirements in paragraph 28 of IFRS 5—paragraph 28 requires the effects of a remeasurement (upon ceasing to be classified as held for sale) of a non-current asset to be recognised in profit or loss in the current period. Paragraph 28 also requires financial statements for the periods since classification as held for sale or as held for distribution to owners to be ‘amended accordingly’ if the disposal group or non-current asset that ceases to be classified as held for sale or as held for distribution to owners is a subsidiary, joint operation, joint venture, associate, or a portion of an interest in a joint venture or an associate. The issue relates to a situation in which a disposal group that consists of both a subsidiary and other non-current assets ceases to be classified as held for sale. In such a situation, should an entity recognise the remeasurement adjustments relating to the subsidiary and the other non-current assets in different accounting periods, and should any amendment apply to presentation as well as to measurement?

g.

how to present intragroup transactions between continuing and discontinued operations—paragraph 30 of IFRS 5 requires an entity to present and disclose information that enables users of the financial statements to evaluate the financial effects of discontinued operations and disposals of non-current assets (or disposal groups). The issue relates to how best to eliminate and reflect transactions between continuing and discontinued operations on the face of the statement of profit or loss, when there are significant transactions between them. Should the intragroup transactions:

i.

 be eliminated without any adjustments; or

ii.

be eliminated, with adjustments to illustrate how transactions between continuing or discontinued operations are expected to be affected in the future?

Because of the number and variety of unresolved issues, the Interpretations Committee concluded that a broad-scope project on IFRS 5 might be warranted. In this respect, the Interpretations Committee noted that IFRS 5 was described as a possible research project in the Request for Views on the 2015 Agenda Consultation published by the IASB in August 2015.

Consequently, the Interpretations Committee decided not to add these issues to its agenda.

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